Mosquito Control in Lawrence
Safeguard Your Yard or Outdoor Space
Haley Pest Control offers XMosquito misting systems to keep mosquitos away from your yard. Xmosquito systems are highly effective mosquito, fly, and gnat outdoor treatment. It applies an advanced misting technology system and a patent-pending light sensor technology, “Dusk-Dawn,” that will rid your property of these insects.
Protecting Yourself from Mosquito Bites
It’s extremely important that you use insect repellent on exposed skin when you go outdoors. We recommend using an EPA-registered insect repellent, such as those with DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus. Even being outdoors for only a short time can be long enough to get a mosquito bite.
When considering which repellent to buy, a tip is that the more active ingredients a repellent contains, the longer it can protect you from mosquito bites. A higher percentage of active ingredients in a repellent does not mean that your protection is better—it just means it will last longer. Our Lawrence mosquito control specialists recommend that you choose a repellent that provides protection for the amount of time that you will be outdoors. Avoid applying high-concentration (>30% DEET) products to the skin, particularly on children. Repellents may irritate the eyes and mouth, so avoid applying repellent to the hands of children.
Clothing Can Help Reduce Mosquito Bites
When weather permits, wear long sleeves, long pants, and socks when you’re outdoors. Mosquitos may bite through thin clothing, so spraying clothing with repellent containing permethrin or another EPA-registered repellent will give extra protection. Don’t apply repellents containing permethrin directly to skin and do not spray repellent on the skin under your clothing.
Be Aware of Peak Mosquito Hours & Prevent Breeding
The hours from dusk to dawn are peak biting times for many species of mosquitos. Take extra care to use repellent and protective clothing during evening and early morning times—or consider avoiding outdoor activities during these times.
Homeowners can take the following steps to prevent mosquito breeding on their own property:
- Install or repair window and door screens so that mosquitos cannot get indoors
- Help reduce the number of mosquitos in areas outdoors where you work or play by draining sources of standing water (This helps reduces the number of places mosquitos can lay their eggs and breed)
- At least once or twice a week, empty water from flowerpots, pet food and water dishes, birdbaths, swimming pool covers, buckets barrels, and cans
- Check for clogged rain gutters and clean them out
- Remove discarded tires or other items that can collect water, including checking for containers or trash in places that may be hard to see, such as under bushes or under your home
Larvae and pupae live usually live in still water and they do not survive well in rushing streams or badly polluted water. Adults hide in vegetation near water or in cool, damp places. Many species fly in search of blood meals in the evening.
The stages of a mosquito are:
The larvae and pupae are aquatic and the adults are free-flying. At 80°F, the larva goes through 4 larval instars in about 4 days before pupating. The pupa takes three days before the adult emerges.
Some species have naturally adapted to go through their entire life cycle in as little as four days or as long as one month.
Adult females live several weeks if given a source of sugar. Females also feed on blood, which is needed to produce eggs. Some species can produce eggs without a blood meal. Male mosquitos usually live less than a week and do not feed on blood.
How Far Can Mosquitos Fly?
Mosquito species preferring to breed around the house, like the Asian Tiger mosquito, have limited flight ranges of about 300 feet. Most species have flight ranges of one to three miles. Certain large pool breeders in the Midwest are often found up to seven miles from known breeding spots.
Mosquitos cause more human suffering than any other organism—over one million people die from mosquito-borne diseases every year. Not only can mosquitos carry diseases that afflict humans, but they also transmit several diseases and parasites that dogs and horses are very susceptible to. These include dog heartworm, West Nile Virus, and Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). In addition, mosquito bites can cause severe skin irritation through an allergic reaction to the mosquito’s saliva—this is what causes the red bump and itching.
Mosquito vectored diseases include protozoan diseases, i.e. malaria; filarial diseases such as dog heartworm; and viruses, such as dengue, encephalitis, and yellow fever. CDC Travelers’ Health provides information on travel to destinations where mosquito-borne diseases might be a problem.
West Nile Virus
According to the Centers for Disease Control, since 1999, in the state of Kansas, there have been 17 human cases of encephalitis/meningitis, 13 cases of fever, and 4 deaths from the West Nile Virus. Similar to other encephalitis strains, it is cycled between birds and mosquitos and transmitted to mammals (including horses) and man by infected mosquitos. WNV usually occurs with symptoms where the least severe are characterized by fever, headache, tiredness, and aches or a rash. These symptoms are similar to the flu and can last several days to several weeks.
Other types of WNV are grouped as neuroinvasive diseases, which affect the nervous system. West Nile encephalitis affects the brain and West Nile meningitis (meningoencephalitis) is an inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and membrane around it.
Malaria was, by and large, eradicated in the temperate area of the world during the 20th century with the advent of DDT and other organochlorine and organophosphate mosquito control insecticides. However, more than 3 million deaths and 300-500 million cases are still reported annually in the world. It is reported that malaria kills one child every 40 seconds.
Dog heartworm can be a life-threatening disease for canines. The disease is caused by a roundworm. Dogs, and sometimes other animals, such as cats, foxes, and raccoons, are infected with the worm through the bite of a mosquito carrying the larvae of the worm. It is dependent on both the mammal and mosquito to fulfill its lifecycle. The young worms (called microfilaria) circulate in the bloodstream of the dog. These worms must infect a mosquito in order to complete their lifecycle.
Heartworm disease is not just a canine one. Heartworm affects cats differently than dogs, the disease they cause is equally serious. Heartworm larvae induce an intense inflammatory response in the blood vessels and tissues in the lungs. Once an adult worm dies, after one to two years, there is an additional intense inflammatory reaction resulting in acute lung injury. Don’t think that your cat is safe if it is an inside only cat. In a recent study, 28% of the cats infected by heartworm disease were inside only.
Dengue is a serious arboviral disease of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. Although it has a low mortality rate, dengue has very uncomfortable symptoms and has become more serious, both in frequency and mortality, in recent years. Over the last 16 years, it has become more common; for example, in south Texas, 55 cases were reported in 1999 resulting in one death.
Yellow fever, which has a 400-year history, occurs only in tropical areas of Africa and the Americas. It has both an urban and jungle cycle. Every year, about 200,000 cases occur with 30,000 deaths in 33 countries.
Let Haley Pest Control Help You Prevent Illnesses
To ensure you have full coverage and protection against mosquitos, give us a call. We’ll inspect your property and determine a course of action that will remove any infestation you’re dealing with and prevent future ones from occurring. We have over 125 years of combined experience and numerous positive reviews.