Babesiosis, Colorado Tick Fever, Ehrlichiosis, Lyme Disease, Relapsing Fever, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tick Paralysis, Tularemia are all diseases caused by ticks. These diseases are transmitted by the ticks saliva during feeding behavior. To keep the blood from clotting, ticks inject saliva containing a kind of anticoagulant into the blood pool. The saliva may also contain disease organisms, such as Borrelia burgdorferi which cause Lyme disease.
Lyme disease has become the most reported arthropod borne disease in the country. 286,814 cases of Lyme disease have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control, 1980 - 2007 (03/31/07). From more information you should check out the Lyme Disease Foundation which has the most complete website and information devoted to ticks and Lyme Disease.
Early symptoms of the disease, which is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick, include a bull's-eye rash at the site of the bite and flu-like symptoms. If not promptly treated with antibiotics, it can lead to more serious symptoms, including joint and neurological complications.
Stay in the center of paths to avoid ticks on brush. Avoid sitting directly on the ground. Use a tick repellent. Children should let adults apply this for them. Wash off repellents when you return inside. Dress properly. Wear light-colored pants & long sleeves. Tuck your shirt into pants & pants into socks to keep ticks on the outside of your clothes. Wear a hat when working in tick infested areas. This helps keep ticks out of your hair.
Don't Forget to Protect Your Pets with tick repellents. Check them frequently for ticks. Do Tick Checks After you come back inside, check your entire body for ticks. Do this by looking at your clothes and by running your fingers over your skin. Don't forget your hair, ears, and underarms. You can check your whole body each night at bedtime.
Proper Tick Removal:
Make your own tick removal kit: include fine point tweezers, antiseptic, and small vial for ticks. Use a fine-point tweezer to grasp the tick around its mouthparts, at t place of attachment next to the skin. Gently pull the tick straight out. Place the tick in a small vial labeled with the date, person's name, address, tick's description (e.g. if engorged, color) and estimated time attached. Never try to burn a tick off or to smother it with petroleum jelly or nail polish, as these methods don't work.
Call the Doctor.Call and let the doctor know you removed a tick. the doctor may treat on tick-bite or may ask you to watch for signs of infection.
Prevent ticks on your property:
Reduce the humidity in your property. Ticks are susceptible to dehydration. You can reduce humidity in property by: pruning trees, clearing brush, removing litter, mowing grass short, and letting it dry thoroughly between watering. Move shrubbery and overgrowth farther away from areas frequented by people. You can do this by frequently mowing and landscaping such areas. Make your property unattractive to animals that are hosts to ticks. Eliminating birdfeeders, birdbaths, and salt licks; erecting fencing around the property; clearing away wood, garbage, and leaf piles; removing stonewalls that provide homes to wildlife. Have your property chemically treated.